1-Palmitoyl-2-(9'-oxononanoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, an oxidized phospholipid, accelerates Finnish type familial gelsolin amyloidosis in vitro

Biochemistry. 2011 Jun 7;50(22):4877-89. doi: 10.1021/bi200195s. Epub 2011 May 13.


Finnish type familial amyloidosis (FAF) is a neurodegenerative disease, which involves the deposition of D187N or -Y mutant gelsolin fragments as amyloid in various tissues, accompanied by dermatologic, neurologic, and ophthalmologic disorders. Like the other amyloid diseases, FAF is associated with oxidative stress. The latter results in an extensive chemical modification of biomolecules, such as the formation of a myriad of phospholipids with oxidatively modified acyl chains containing various functional groups. Here we demonstrate that 1-palmitoyl-2-(9'-oxononanoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PoxnoPC), a zwitterionic oxidized phospholipid bearing an aldehyde moiety at the end of its truncated sn-2 acyl chain, accelerates amyloidogenesis of FtG(179-194) (i.e., the core amyloidogenic segment of residues 179-194 of FAF gelsolin) as revealed by thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence and electron microscopy. These techniques and Trp fluorescence show that the accelerated conversion of FtG(179-194) into amyloid fibrils consists of distinct consecutive phases. PoxnoPC at a close to critical micelle concentration (~22.5 μM) causes a maximal increase in ThT fluorescence and the K(app) for fibril formation. The rates of fibril elongation and nucleation were proportional to PoxnoPC concentration, while the rates of nucleation were different below and above the critical micelle concentration. Our data also suggest an initial rapid formation of a 1:1 complex by PoxnoPC and FtG(179-194). The latter could involve a transient Schiff base and reside at the membrane hydrocarbon-water interface in the proximity of the phosphocholine headgroup. Subsequently, these profibrils insert into a more hydrophobic milieu and undergo a slow structural transition and assemble into amyloid fibers. Different phases can be expected when proteins aggregate on the phospholipid membrane surfaces, underlying the importance of a detailed kinetic analysis to fully understand the effects of oxidized phospholipids on amyloidogenesis. This study represents the first comprehensive analysis of the kinetics and mechanisms of amyloid formation in the presence of an oxidized phospholipid.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amyloid / chemistry*
  • Amyloid / metabolism
  • Amyloid / ultrastructure
  • Amyloidosis
  • Amyloidosis, Familial / genetics
  • Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy, Familial
  • Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary
  • Gelsolin / chemistry*
  • Gelsolin / genetics
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Micelles
  • Mutation
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Phosphatidylcholines / chemistry*
  • Phosphatidylcholines / metabolism
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence


  • 1-palmitoyl-2-(9-oxononanoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine
  • Amyloid
  • Gelsolin
  • Micelles
  • Phosphatidylcholines

Supplementary concepts

  • Meretoja syndrome