Background: One half of patients with constipation are not satisfied with available therapies, hence there is a need for more effective and well-tolerated drugs.
Aim: To evaluate the effects of a specific inhibitor of the Ileal Bile Acid Transporter (IBAT; syn apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter; ASBT) in patients with chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) with focus on safety, colonic transit and efficacy signals.
Methods: This was a single-centre, prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with a dose-escalating design in patients with CIC. In addition to evaluation of conventional safety and tolerability parameters, (i) colonic transit time (CTT) was measured using radio-opaque markers, (ii) metabolic parameters [lipid profile, C4 (7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one) and FGF19 (Fibroblast Growth Factor 19)] were evaluated, and (iii) constipation parameters, such as changes in stool frequency and consistency, were analysed.
Results: Thirty patients were randomised into five dose-levels (range: 0.1-10 mg/day) or to placebo. All patients completed a 14-day treatment period, and the safety/tolerability analysis was favourable. A3309, present in picomolar concentrations in plasma, induced up to a three-fold increase in bile acid synthesis (C4) and a reduction of plasma FGF19, as well as reduction in total and LDL cholesterol. CTT was reduced in the highest dose groups; the main acceleration was identified in the left colon. Efficacy parameters showed trends for increased number of spontaneous bowel movements and improved stool consistency.
Conclusions: Ileal Bile Acid Transporter inhibition is a novel mechanism for treatment of patients with chronic idiopathic constipation and has additional benefits of improving metabolic parameters (EudraCT 2008-003255-72).
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.