The risk of developing both metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is inversely associated with regular exercise training (ET). Excess weight is also strongly associated with increased risk of both metabolic syndrome and T2DM. There is strong evidence that even a moderate amount of weight loss achieved through changes in diet and ET can greatly reduce the risk of developing T2DM. For the purpose of general health, exercise programs should have both aerobic and resistance training components. The 2008 federal physical activity (PA) guidelines recommend obtaining at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity PA, 75 minutes per week of vigorous-intensity PA, or a combination of the 2. In addition, all individuals should strive for at least 2 days per week of resistance training activity. For the purpose of weight loss, the combination of ET and reduced energy intake has been found to be more effective than either alone.
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