Idiopathic orbital pseudotumour (IOP) is a benign inflammatory condition usually confined to the orbit. This may involve single or multiple intraorbital structures. Extraorbital extension can also occur. The imaging appearances often mimic other orbital diseases. Both computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are frequently used to investigate orbital diseases, and it is important for radiologists to be aware of the variety of imaging appearances that occur in IOP. We present the imaging appearances in histopathologically confirmed cases of IOP and discuss the clinical features, natural history, and differential diagnosis of this condition.
Copyright © 2011 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.