Clonality: an R package for testing clonal relatedness of two tumors from the same patient based on their genomic profiles

Bioinformatics. 2011 Jun 15;27(12):1698-9. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btr267. Epub 2011 May 5.


Summary: If a cancer patient develops multiple tumors, it is sometimes impossible to determine whether these tumors are independent or clonal based solely on pathological characteristics. Investigators have studied how to improve this diagnostic challenge by comparing the presence of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at selected genetic locations of tumor samples, or by comparing genomewide copy number array profiles. We have previously developed statistical methodology to compare such genomic profiles for an evidence of clonality. We assembled the software for these tests in a new R package called 'Clonality'. For LOH profiles, the package contains significance tests. The analysis of copy number profiles includes a likelihood ratio statistic and reference distribution, as well as an option to produce various plots that summarize the results.

Availability: Bioconductor ( and

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Clone Cells
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Loss of Heterozygosity
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Software*