The effects of different initial restrictive pressures used to reduce blood flow and thigh composition on tissue oxygenation of the quadriceps

J Sports Sci. 2011 Jun;29(9):951-8. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2011.572992.


Blood flow restriction training technique can be affected by several factors resulting in changes in responses to training; therefore it is necessary to investigate and reveal detailed information about this novel training technique. Participants had their thigh size, thickness of subcutaneous fat, and regional bone free muscle mass measured prior to testing. A Near-Infrared Spectrometer was used to measure tissue oxygenation and a cardiovascular profiling system was utilised to measure stroke volume and heart rate. Initial restrictive pressure of 30, 50, and 70 mmHg were set in random order on three separate days, and then six target pressures were sequentially applied. Tissue oxygenation decreased significantly as both initial restrictive pressure and target pressures increased, but the magnitude of decreases was stronger with higher initial restrictive pressure. There were significant negative correlations between tissue oxygenation and leg lean body mass, total lean body mass, and thigh circumference when initial restrictive pressure was set at 30 mmHg. The findings indicated that changes in initial restrictive pressure affected the amount of venous return verified by the decreases in tissue oxygenation and stroke volume. In addition, thigh composition and size had a significant impact on the effects of initial restrictive pressure.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Composition*
  • Body Fluid Compartments*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oxygen / metabolism*
  • Pressure
  • Quadriceps Muscle / blood supply*
  • Quadriceps Muscle / metabolism
  • Regional Blood Flow*
  • Resistance Training / methods
  • Stroke Volume
  • Thigh / physiology*
  • Veins / physiology


  • Oxygen