Objective: to examine the relationships among non-conventional practices, adherence and immune functioning in individuals with HIV.
Methods: 92 participants completed an interview on non-conventional practices (complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), psychosocial therapies, and religious practice). They also completed the Psychiatric Symptom Index and the AIDS Clinical Trials Group Adherence Follow-up Questionnaire. Medical chart reviews determined CD4 count and viral load.
Results: Hierarchical logistic regressions revealed religious practice was associated with adherence and CAM was associated with viral load.
Conclusion: Participation in non-conventional practices in HIV populations may lead to positive health and health behaviors. Clinical implications are discussed.