Non-conventional practices and immune functioning among individuals receiving conventional care for HIV

J Health Psychol. 2011 Nov;16(8):1241-50. doi: 10.1177/1359105311405350. Epub 2011 May 6.


Objective: to examine the relationships among non-conventional practices, adherence and immune functioning in individuals with HIV.

Methods: 92 participants completed an interview on non-conventional practices (complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), psychosocial therapies, and religious practice). They also completed the Psychiatric Symptom Index and the AIDS Clinical Trials Group Adherence Follow-up Questionnaire. Medical chart reviews determined CD4 count and viral load.

Results: Hierarchical logistic regressions revealed religious practice was associated with adherence and CAM was associated with viral load.

Conclusion: Participation in non-conventional practices in HIV populations may lead to positive health and health behaviors. Clinical implications are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Academic Medical Centers
  • Adult
  • Anti-Retroviral Agents / therapeutic use
  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • Complementary Therapies*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Immune System / physiopathology*
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Medical Audit
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Compliance
  • Religion and Medicine
  • Self Report
  • Viral Load


  • Anti-Retroviral Agents