Our objective was to assess the efficacy and safety of high-dose sotalol in neonates and infants with refractory supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). SVT in neonates and infants can be refractory to primary therapies; therefore, secondary agents, e.g., sotalol, are often required to obtain control of SVT. Age-factor nomogram dosing of sotalol is widely used; however, our institution uses greater doses based on body surface area (approximately 150-200 mg/m(2)/d). A retrospective review of 78 inpatients receiving sotalol, after failing another antiarrthymic medication, at our institution from 2001 to 2008 was performed. Corrected QT intervals (QTc), 24-h Holter-monitoring results, and outpatient records were reviewed to assess safety and efficacy for patients ≤ 2 years of age. Median patient age at the time of initiation of therapy was 24 days (range 3-728). Forty-eight patients (62%) were neonates, and 36 (46%) had congenital heart disease. The median sotalol dosage was 152 mg/m(2)/day (range 65-244). The SVT of 70 patients (90%) was controlled with sotalol. No patients experienced significant QTc prolongation or proarrhythmia. Mean duration of follow-up was 3.3 ± 0.24 years. High-dose sotalol allows for safe and rapid control of refractory tachyarrhythmias in this young age group.