Patient-centered culturally sensitive health care: model testing and refinement

Health Psychol. 2011 May;30(3):342-50. doi: 10.1037/a0022967.

Abstract

Objectives: This article presents the results of an empirical test of a literature-based Patient-Centered Culturally Sensitive Health Care Model. The model was developed to explain and improve health care for ethnically diverse patients seen in community-based primary care clinics.

Design: Samples of predominantly low-income African American (n = 110) and non-Hispanic White American (n = 119) patients were recruited to complete questionnaires about their perceived health care provider cultural sensitivity and adherence to their provider's treatment regimen recommendations.

Main outcome measures: Patients completed written measures of their perceived provider cultural sensitivity, trust in provider, interpersonal control, satisfaction with their health care provider, physical stress, and adherence to provider-recommended treatment regimen variables (i.e., engagement in a health promoting lifestyle, and dietary and medication adherence).

Results: Two-group path analyses revealed significant links between patient-perceived provider cultural sensitivity and adherence to provider treatment regimen recommendations, with some differences in associations emerging by race/ethnicity.

Conclusion: The findings provide empirical support for the potential usefulness of the Patient-Centered Culturally Sensitive Health Care Model for explaining the linkage between the provision of patient-centered, culturally sensitive health care, and the health behaviors and outcomes of patients who experience such care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans / psychology
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cultural Competency*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Organizational
  • Patient Compliance / ethnology
  • Patient Compliance / psychology
  • Patient Satisfaction / ethnology
  • Patient-Centered Care* / standards
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult