Macroglossia is defined as an enlarged tongue and it is usually clinically diagnosed. Pseudomacryglossia concerns a tongue that is of normal size but gives a false impression of being too large in relation to adjacent anatomical structures. The causes of macroglossia are numerous and this is why various classifications have been proposed for this condition. The consequences of macroglossia usually include a possible malfunction of the stomatognathic system, breathing and speech problems, increased mandible size, tooth spacing, diastema and other orthodontic abnormalities. The treatment of macroglossia depends on its aetiology and generally includes correcting the systemic disease underlying the increase in lingual mass, surgical treatment, radiotherapy and treatment of orthodontic abnormalities that might have been caused by the condition.
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