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, 134 (3), 206-12

Evidence for Integrity of Parental Genomes in the Diploid Hybridogenetic Water Frog Pelophylax Esculentus by Genomic in Situ Hybridization

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Evidence for Integrity of Parental Genomes in the Diploid Hybridogenetic Water Frog Pelophylax Esculentus by Genomic in Situ Hybridization

A Zaleśna et al. Cytogenet Genome Res.

Abstract

The Western Palearctic water frogs Pelophylax ridibundus and P. lessonae were identified as parental (sexual) species and P. esculentus as their interspecific, hybridogenetically reproducing hybrid with hemiclonal heredity. We used genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) to identify parental chromosomes of P.lessonae and P.ridibundus in diploid P. esculentus karyotypes (2n = 26). GISH probes were made by fluorochrome labeling of total genomic DNA extracted from the sexual progenitors. The labeled probe from one species was hybridized to chromosomes of P. esculentus in the presence of excess of unlabeled genomic DNA from the other species. Thus, the P. lessonae probe was blocked by P. ridibundus unlabeled DNA, and vice versa. We successfully discriminated each of the 13 respective parental chromosomes in metaphase complements of the hybrids according to species-specific hybridization signals. GISH enabled us to confirm additional differences between parental chromosomes in size (smaller chromosomes belong to P. lessonae) and in the presence of DAPI-positive centromeric heterochromatin (detected in chromosomes of P. ridibundus, but not in P. lessonae). The fact that no visible intergenomic exchanges were found in metaphase chromosomes of diploid P. esculentus provides important information on the genomic integrity of hemiclonal transmission and supports hybridogenesis as a reproductive mode at the chromosome level for the specimens examined.

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