An investigation of the substrate specificity of protein phosphatase 2C using synthetic peptide substrates; comparison with protein phosphatase 2A

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 Feb 19;1051(2):199-202. doi: 10.1016/0167-4889(90)90194-i.

Abstract

The synthetic phosphopeptide RRATpVA was found to be the most effective substrate for protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) so far identified. Replacement of phosphothreonine by phosphoserine decreased activity over 20-fold and a striking preference for phosphothreonine was also observed with two other substrates (RRSTpTpVA and casein) that were phosphorylated on both serine and threonine. Replacement of the C-terminal valine in RRATpVA by proline abolished dephosphorylation, while exchanging the N-terminal alanine by proline had no effect. The preference for phosphothreonine and the effect of proline are similar to protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). However, the peptide RRREEETpEEEAA, an excellent substrate for PP2A, was not dephosphorylated by PP2C, and substitution of the C-terminal valine in RRATpVA by glutamic acid reduced the rate of dephosphorylation by PP2C over 10-fold, without affecting dephosphorylation by PP2A. Addition of two extra N-terminal arginine residues to RRASpVA increased PP2A catalysed dephosphorylation 4- to 5-fold, without altering dephosphorylation by PP2C. These results represent the first study of the specificity of PP2C using synthetic peptides, and strengthen the view that this approach may lead to the development of more effective and specific substrates for the serine/threonine-specific protein phosphatases.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alanine
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Angiotensin II / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Arginine
  • Binding Sites
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphopeptides / chemical synthesis
  • Phosphopeptides / metabolism*
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphoserine
  • Phosphothreonine
  • Proline
  • Protein Phosphatase 2
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Valine

Substances

  • Phosphopeptides
  • Angiotensin II
  • Phosphothreonine
  • Phosphoserine
  • Arginine
  • Proline
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases
  • Protein Phosphatase 2
  • Valine
  • Alanine