Infertility treatment in a population-based sample: 2004-2005

Matern Child Health J. 2012 May;16(4):877-86. doi: 10.1007/s10995-011-0809-6.


To describe the characteristics of women seeking infertility treatment and the types of fertility treatment sought within a population-based sample. We analyzed data from the cross-sectional Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) of women with a live birth using data from seven states. Logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with infertility treatment utilization. Infertility treatment was reported by 10.5% of women who were trying to become pregnant. The most common treatment reported was fertility enhancing drugs (29%), followed by assisted reproductive technology including in vitro fertilization (21%), and artificial insemination together with fertility enhancing drugs (15%). Some women reported using other types of treatment (23%). The PRAMS data provide insights into the use of infertility treatment among women giving birth in the United States. Further research is needed to understand the true prevalence of infertility, factors that influence treatment choices, and the longitudinal impact of infertility treatment on outcomes.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infertility / therapy*
  • Live Birth
  • Logistic Models
  • Parity
  • Population Surveillance
  • Pregnancy
  • Prevalence
  • Reproductive Techniques, Assisted / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States / epidemiology