Recanalization rates after endovascular coil embolization in a cohort of matched ruptured and unruptured cerebral aneurysms

Interv Neuroradiol. 2011 Mar;17(1):27-35. doi: 10.1177/159101991101700106. Epub 2011 Apr 18.


The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the recanalization rate, factors associated with and time taken for recanalization to occur in a matched ruptured and unruptured aneurysm population that were treated with endovascular coiling.Ruptured and unruptured aneurysms treated between 2002 and 2007 were matched for aneurysm location, diameter and neck size. Recanalization rate, time to recanalize, re-treatment rate and clinical outcome were analysed. Ninety-eight matched ruptured and unruptured aneurysms (49 aneurysms in each group) were studied. 46.8% of aneurysms in the ruptured group achieved complete obliteration on the initial post treatment angiogram versus 34.7% in the unruptured group. The ruptured group had a higher rate of recanalization (40.4% versus 20.4%). 25.5% of aneurysms had significant recanalization in the ruptured group versus 6.1% in the unruptured group (p=0.009). The retreatment rate was higher in the ruptured group (21.3% versus 6%). Ruptured aneurysms took a shorter time to recanalize with a mean time of 5.3±3.8 months versus 12.4±7.7months (p=0.003). Multivariate logistic regression analysis found neck size (p=0.0098), wide neck morphology (p=0.0174), aneurysm diameter (p< 0.0001) and ruptured aneurysms (p=0.0372) were significant predictors of recanalization. The majority of patients in both groups had a good outcome with GOS=5 (85.7% and 83.7%) but two deaths occurred in the ruptured group.Ruptured and unruptured aneurysms showed significant differences in rate, degree and timing of recanalization, thus requiring different protocols for imaging follow-up post endovascular treatment. Earlier and more frequent imaging follow-up is recommended for ruptured aneurysms.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / epidemiology*
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / therapy*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / epidemiology*
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / therapy*
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Retreatment / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome