Elucidation of common pharmacophores from analysis of targeted metabolites transported by the multispecific drug transporter-Organic anion transporter1 (Oat1)

Bioorg Med Chem. 2011 Jun 1;19(11):3320-40. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2011.04.045. Epub 2011 Apr 28.


Organic anion transporter 1 (Oat1), first identified as NKT, is a multispecific transporter responsible for the handling of drugs and toxins in the kidney and choroid plexus, but its normal physiological role appears to be in small molecule metabolite regulation. Metabolites transported by Oat1 and which are altered in the blood and urine of the murine Oat1 knockout, may serve as templates for further drug design. This may lead to better tissue targeting of drugs or design of Oat1 inhibitors that prolong the half-life of current drugs. Due to the multispecificity of the transporter, 19 of known targeted metabolites have different chemical structures and properties that make constructing a common pharmacophore model difficult. Here we propose an approach that clustered the metabolites into four distinct groups which allowed for the construction of a consensus pharmacophore for each cluster. The screening of commercial molecular databases determined the top candidates whose interaction with Oat1 was confirmed in an experimental model of organic anion transport. Thus, these candidate selections represent potential molecules for further drug design.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Computer Simulation
  • Databases, Factual
  • Drug Design
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1 / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1 / genetics
  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1 / metabolism
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / metabolism*
  • ROC Curve


  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations