Prevalence of orthostatic hypotension in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2011 Dec;17(10):724-9. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2011.04.016. Epub 2011 May 14.


Background: Although orthostatic hypotension (OH) is recognized as one of the main non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), there is inconsistent evidence about the prevalence of OH in PD. To estimate the prevalence of OH in PD more precisely we conducted a systematic review of the literature.

Methods: From PubMed and Embase searches with predefined inclusion criteria, we identified studies published up till December 2009. Prevalence numbers from studies were pooled using a non-linear random-effects meta-analysis.

Results: We found 25 studies from which the prevalence of OH could be calculated. The pooled estimate of the point prevalence of OH in PD was 30.1% (95% CI: 22.9% to 38.4%). We found a large statistical heterogeneity between studies which could not be reduced by several subgroup analyses.

Conclusions: The estimated prevalence of OH in PD is 30%. However, due to the large heterogeneity between studies this pooled estimate should be interpreted with caution. More data from unselected population-based cohorts are needed.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Hypotension, Orthostatic / epidemiology*
  • Hypotension, Orthostatic / etiology*
  • Parkinson Disease / complications*
  • Prevalence