Neighborhood-level built environment and social characteristics associated with serious childhood motor vehicle occupant injuries

Health Place. 2011 Jul;17(4):902-10. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.04.009. Epub 2011 May 7.

Abstract

The effect of residential neighborhood characteristics on a child's risk of serious motor vehicle traffic occupant injuries was evaluated in New York State, USA, for the years 1993-2003, with particular focus on the effect of neighborhood walkability. Risk increased significantly (p < 0.0001) with decreasing street connectivity and as more workers commuted more than 30 min using means other than public transportation, along with more single-parent households and less college attainment in the neighborhood, regardless of whether New York City was in the study. After adjusting for age, gender and socio-economic community factors, the apparent loss of walkability in a child's neighborhood increases their risk of serious injury as an occupant of a motor vehicle.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic*
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Environment Design*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • New York
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Trauma Severity Indices
  • Walking
  • Wounds and Injuries*