Gut peptide hormones and pediatric type 1 diabetes mellitus

Physiol Res. 2011;60(4):647-58. doi: 10.33549/physiolres.931995. Epub 2011 May 16.


The aims of our study were to evaluate plasma levels of gut hormones in children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in comparison with healthy controls and to correlate plasma concentrations of gut hormones with blood biochemistry, markers of metabolic control and with anthropometric parameters. We measured postprandial levels of specific gut peptide hormones in T1DM children. Amylin, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), ghrelin, leptin, pancreatic polypeptide (PP), and polypeptide YY (PYY) were assessed in 19 T1DM children and 21 healthy reference controls. Multiplex assay kit (LINCOplex(®)) was used for determination of the defined plasma hormone levels. T1DM subjects had significantly reduced amylin (p<0.001) and ghrelin (p<0.05) levels, whereas GIP (p<0.05) was elevated when compared with healthy controls. Plasma levels of other measured hormones did not differ statistically between the studied groups. Further analysis of T1DM patients demonstrated an association between body mass index and GLP-1 (r=0.4642; p<0.05), leptin (r=0.5151; p<0.05), and amylin (r=0.5193; p<0.05). Ghrelin levels positively correlated with serum HDL cholesterol (r=0.4760; p<0.05). An inverse correlation was demonstrated with triglycerides (TG) (r= -0.5674; p<0.01), insulin dosage (r= -0.5366; p<0.05), and HbA1c% (r= -0.6864; p<0.01). Leptin was inversely correlated with TG (r= -0.6351; p<0.01). Stepwise regression analysis was performed to enlighten the predictive variables. Our study demonstrated an altered secretion pattern of gut peptide hormones in T1DM children. A close correlation was revealed between these peptides as well as with blood biochemistry, markers of metabolic control and with anthropometric parameters. Further studies are essential to explore this issue in T1DM children.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Child
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Hormones / blood*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Peptide Hormones / blood*
  • Predictive Value of Tests


  • Biomarkers
  • Gastrointestinal Hormones
  • Peptide Hormones