Incidence of rotavirus infection in children with gastroenteritis attending Jos university teaching hospital, Nigeria

Virol J. 2011 May 16;8:233. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-8-233.

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the incidence of rotavirus infection in children with gastroenteritis attending Jos university teaching hospital, Plateau State. A total of 160 children with acute diarrhea were selected by random sampling. Stool samples were obtained and assayed for rotavirus antigens by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay technique using standard diagnostic BIOLINE Rotavirus kit. Demographic data of parents were also recorded. Rotavirus were detected in faeces of 22(13.8%) children with acute diarrhea, 90.9% of positive cases of rotavirus gastroenteritis were under 2 years of age with highest prevalence in children 7-12 months of age. Males excreted rotavirus at a significant higher rate than females (P<0.05). Rotavirus excretion was highest when all three symptoms (diarrhea, fever and vomiting) occurred in the same child (7.5%) and lower when 2 symptoms occurred together (diarrhea and vomiting) with 3.8%, diarrhea and fever with 1.3% and lowest when diarrhea occurred alone with 1.3%. Playing with toys, attending day care, distance of source of water from toilet, eating of food not requiring cooking and playing with other children may serve as predisposing factors of rotavirus disease in these children.

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques / methods
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / methods
  • Feces / virology
  • Female
  • Gastroenteritis / epidemiology*
  • Gastroenteritis / pathology
  • Gastroenteritis / virology
  • Hospitals, Teaching
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Nigeria / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Rotavirus / isolation & purification*
  • Rotavirus Infections / epidemiology*
  • Rotavirus Infections / pathology
  • Rotavirus Infections / virology
  • Sex Factors