Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever: peritoneal and pleural effusion

Ann Trop Paediatr. 2011;31(2):169-72. doi: 10.1179/1465328111Y.0000000011.


In Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF), haemorrhagic manifestations are usually petechiae and ecchymoses on mucous membranes and skin. Rarely, there is bleeding from the nose, gingiva, gastro-intestinal tract, genito-urinary tract, brain and lungs. A 13-year-old boy with CCHF presented with gastro-intestinal bleeding and developed peritoneal and pleural effusion. He made a complete recovery with supportive treatment and ribavirin, without requiring chest or peritoneal fluid drainage. To our knowledge, this is the first report of CCHF associated with peritoneal and pleural fluid.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Antiviral Agents / administration & dosage
  • Ascitic Fluid*
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean / complications*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean / diagnosis*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean / drug therapy
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean / pathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pleural Effusion / diagnosis*
  • Pleural Effusion / etiology
  • Radiography, Thoracic
  • Ribavirin / administration & dosage
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antiviral Agents
  • Ribavirin