Dietary factors and risk of pancreatic cancer: results of a Canadian population-based case-control study

Int J Cancer. 1990 Apr 15;45(4):604-8. doi: 10.1002/ijc.2910450405.


Dietary information from a case-control study of pancreatic cancer conducted in Metropolitan Toronto between 1983 and 1986 is reported. A total of 249 cases and 505 population-based controls completed quantitative diet histories from which total caloric intake and the intake of a number of nutrients were estimated. A positive association with total caloric intake was observed with a relative risk of 2.39, 95% confidence interval 1.18-4.83 (highest versus lowest quartile), due primarily to the intake of carbohydrates. Inverse associations were seen with fibre from fruit, vegetable and cereal sources, with a relative of risk of 0.42, 0.22-0.78 (highest versus lowest quartile), for total fibre intake.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Body Mass Index
  • Canada
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Energy Intake*
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Factors


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Dietary Proteins