Background: The Lapatinib Expanded Access Program (LEAP) was initiated in 45 countries to provide lapatinib in combination with capecitabine to patients with ErbB2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer already treated with anthracyclines, taxanes and trastuzumab. We report the results from 12 Central and Eastern European countries.
Patients and methods: By 30 September 2008, 293 patients were enrolled. Patients were monitored for serious adverse events (SAEs) and for any decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Overall survival and progression-free survival were also assessed.
Results: Mean treatment duration was 30 weeks; 107 patients (36.5%) discontinued therapy during the study, mainly due to disease progression (n = 86; 29.4%). A total of 78 SAEs were reported from 47 patients; the most frequently reported was diarrhoea (13 reports). Treatment had a relatively small effect on LVEF. Decreases were minor (0 to < 20%) in 61% of patients at the end of the study. During the study, 3 patients had decreased LVEF meeting the definition of an SAE; these events all resolved. Median overall and median progression-free survival were 37.6 and 21.1 weeks, respectively.
Conclusions: Heavily pretreated patients with ErbB2-positive locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer may benefit from treatment with lapatinib and capecitabine, with a low risk of cardiac toxicity.
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.