Clinicopathological analysis of early-stage gastric cancers detected after successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori

Helicobacter. 2011 Jun;16(3):210-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-5378.2011.00833.x.


Background and aims: The results of a randomized controlled study and meta-analysis study have recently proved that Helicobacter pylori eradication has a preventive effect against the development of metachronous and primary gastric cancer. However, gastric cancer is sometimes detected after successful eradication. There is a lack of study about gastric cancers in eradicated patients. To clarify the characteristics of gastric cancers detected after H. pylori eradication, we analyzed the clinicopathological features of these cancers.

Methods: The subjects were 18 early-stage gastric cancer specimens resected from 17 patients who had received successful eradication of H. pylori from February 1995 to March 2009. The control group consisted of 36 specimens from noneradicated patients with persistent H. pylori infection who were matched with the subjects in age, sex, and depth of invasion. Clinicopathological features and mucin phenotypes of gastric cancer were clinically and immunohistologically evaluated.

Results: The average diameter of gastric cancer was smaller and Ki-67 index was lower in the eradication group. The morphological distribution of depression types was significantly lower in the control group. Immunohistochemical phenotyping revealed that 72.2% of the lesions in the eradicated group were complete gastric type or gastric predominant mixed type, whereas the percentages of gastric type and intestinal type in the control group were similar.

Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancers detected after H. pylori eradication are different from those of gastric cancers in patients with persistent H. pylori infection. H. pylori eradication may suppress intestinalization during the development of gastric cancer.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Helicobacter Infections / complications*
  • Helicobacter Infections / drug therapy
  • Helicobacter Infections / microbiology
  • Helicobacter pylori / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / etiology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / microbiology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology*