Antioxidant activities of Korean rice wine concentrates

J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Jul 13;59(13):7039-44. doi: 10.1021/jf200901j. Epub 2011 Jun 3.


The antioxidant activities of six Korean rice wine (KRW) concentrates were measured by 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and lipid/malonaldehyde (MA) assays. In the DPPH assay, the antioxidant activities of the KRW concentrates, including Maesilju (MSJ), Kookhwaju-1 (KHJ-1), Kookhwaju-2 (KHJ-2), Gugijaju (GGJ), Sasamju (SSJ), and Sogokju (SGJ), were 40%, 66%, 64%, 35%, 35%, and 63%, respectively. Furthermore, the concentrates inhibited the formation of MA from cod liver oil by 49%, 83%, 75%, 82%, 89%, and 90%, respectively, according to the lipid/MA assay. The sample wines were also analyzed for pH, titratable acidity, soluble solids (°Bx), and reducing sugars. The antioxidant activities of volatile extracts of the KRWs extracted by a solvent assisted flavor evaporation (SAFE) apparatus were evaluated by aldehyde/carboxylic acid assay. The volatile extracts of MSJ, KHJ-1, KHJ-2, GGJ, SSJ, and SGJ inhibited the oxidation of hexanal by 97%, 99%, 90%, 90%, 50%, and 51%, respectively. Among the nonvolatile extracts of KRWs, KHJ-2 showed the highest inhibitory effect on MA formation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biphenyl Compounds
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Malondialdehyde / analysis
  • Oryza / chemistry*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Picrates
  • Tocopherols / analysis*
  • Tocopherols / pharmacology
  • Wine / analysis*


  • Biphenyl Compounds
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Picrates
  • Malondialdehyde
  • 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl
  • Tocopherols