Background: In tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) pulmonary regurgitation is a frequent complication after initial repair. The objective of the present study was to describe the long-term experience with the use of allograft conduits for right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction after correction of TOF in our institution.
Methods: Between 1987 and 2009, 133 allografts were implanted in 126 patients (mean age, 27.8 years). The mean time from initial TOF repair to allograft implantation was 20.8±8.8 years. Kaplan-Meier analyses were done for patient survival, freedom from allograft replacement and freedom from any cardiovascular event.
Results: Hospital mortality was 1.5% (2 patients). Mean follow-up was 8.1 years. Ten other patients died during late follow-up, in 8 patients the cause was heart failure. Patient survival was 95% at 5 years, 91% at 10 years, and 80% at 15 years. Male sex, older patient age at the time of operation, and the use of preoperative diuretics were associated with increased risk of mortality during follow-up. Freedom from allograft replacement was 83% at 10 years and 70% at 15 years. Freedom from any valve-related event was 80% at 10 years and 67% at 15 years.
Conclusions: Right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction after previous TOF repair can be performed with low risk and a low reintervention rate. Allograft conduits function satisfactorily in the pulmonary position at longer-term follow-up. Functional status after allograft implantation in patients with a previous correction of TOF remains good. There is concern about the long-term survival and the occurrence of heart failure.
Copyright © 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.