Myo-inositol transport into endothelial cells derived from nervous system microvessels

Brain Res. 1990 Mar 19;511(2):259-64. doi: 10.1016/0006-8993(90)90170-g.


Myo-inositol, the precursor in the biosynthesis of inositol phospholipids and inositol phosphates, is found in many tissues at concentrations well above its concentration in the plasma, but the highest concentrations are in the central nervous system and the neuroretina. We describe an active, sodium gradient-dependent transport of myo-inositol into cultured endothelial cells derived from bovine retinal microvessels. Transport is inhibited by cytochalasin B, and phloridzin greater than phloretin. Mannitol, sorbitol, and fructose do not inhibit uptake, but D-galactose. inhibits uptake greater than L-glucose greater than D-glucose. The apparent Km of this transport system is 311 +/- 47 (S.D.) microM and the apparent Vmax is 40.8 +/- 2.8 (S.D.) protein-1.min-1. This transport system may be a key in the maintenance of this tissue concentrations as it could concentrate myo-inositol from the plasma into the extracellular spaces of the eye and central nervous system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism*
  • Inositol / metabolism
  • Inositol / pharmacokinetics*
  • Inositol Phosphates / metabolism
  • Phosphatidylinositols / metabolism
  • Retina / cytology


  • Inositol Phosphates
  • Phosphatidylinositols
  • Inositol