The effect of exercise induced cytokines on insulin stimulated glucose transport in C2C12 cells

Cytokine. 2011 Aug;55(2):221-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2011.04.019. Epub 2011 May 19.


Skeletal muscle contractile activity increases the production of the myokines interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-15 (IL-15) and also skeletal muscle glucose transport. Previous work has revealed a role for IL-6 in mediating glucose uptake, while research on the physiological roles of IL-8 and IL-15 is not so abundant. In the present study we investigated the effects of different concentrations and combinations of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-15 on insulin stimulated glucose transport in C2C12 cells. Furthermore, we also measured AMPK Thr172 and Akt Ser473 phosphorylation via Western blotting. Exposure to 20 pg/ml of individual cytokines had no affect on glucose transport while 1 ng/ml enhanced (P<0.05) glucose uptake with IL-6, IL-8 and IL-15, respectively. Moreover, the combinations of IL-8+IL-6 and IL-15+IL-6 at both 20 pg/ml and 1 ng/ml stimulated (P<0.05) glucose transport with IL-8+IL-15 and IL-8+IL-6+IL-15 only increasing (P<0.05) glucose transport at 1 ng/ml, with no affect observed of these combinations at 20 pg/ml. The changes in glucose transport were all associated with an increase (P<0.05) in AMPK Thr172 phosphorylation with no changes in Akt Ser473 phosphorylation. These findings demonstrated that the exercise induced myokines IL-6, IL-8 and IL-15 enhance glucose transport at 1 ng/ml, with changes only seen at 20 pg/ml with certain myokine combinations. Furthermore these changes in insulin stimulated glucose transport were associated with increased AMPK phosphorylation.

MeSH terms

  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Interleukin-15 / pharmacology*
  • Interleukin-6 / pharmacology*
  • Interleukin-8 / pharmacology*
  • Mice
  • Muscle, Skeletal / cytology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism


  • Insulin
  • Interleukin-15
  • Interleukin-6
  • Interleukin-8
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Glucose