SNX27 Mediates Retromer Tubule Entry and Endosome-To-Plasma Membrane Trafficking of Signalling Receptors

Nat Cell Biol. 2011 Jun;13(6):715-21. doi: 10.1038/ncb2252. Epub 2011 May 22.

Abstract

Endocytic sorting of signalling receptors between recycling and degradative pathways is a key cellular process controlling the surface complement of receptors and, accordingly, the cell's ability to respond to specific extracellular stimuli. The β2 adrenergic receptor (β2AR) is a prototypical seven-transmembrane signalling receptor that recycles rapidly and efficiently to the plasma membrane after ligand-induced endocytosis. β2AR recycling is dependent on the receptor's carboxy-terminal PDZ ligand and Rab4. This active sorting process is required for functional resensitization of β2AR-mediated signalling. Here we show that sequence-directed sorting occurs at the level of entry into retromer tubules and that retromer tubules are associated with Rab4. Furthermore, we show that sorting nexin 27 (SNX27) serves as an essential adaptor protein linking β2ARs to the retromer tubule. SNX27 does not seem to directly interact with the retromer core complex, but does interact with the retromer-associated Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein and SCAR homologue (WASH) complex. The present results identify a role for retromer in endocytic trafficking of signalling receptors, in regulating a receptor-linked signalling pathway, and in mediating direct endosome-to-plasma membrane traffic.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Endosomes / metabolism*
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Microtubules / metabolism*
  • Protein Transport / physiology
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Sorting Nexins / metabolism*
  • rab4 GTP-Binding Proteins / physiology

Substances

  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • SNX27 protein, human
  • Sorting Nexins
  • rab4 GTP-Binding Proteins