The ratio of serum 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) to 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) is predictive of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) response to vitamin D(3) supplementation

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2011 Sep;126(3-5):72-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2011.05.003. Epub 2011 May 13.


24,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D (24,25VD) is a major catabolite of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25VD) metabolism, and may be physiologically active. Our objectives were to: (1) characterize the response of serum 24,25VD(3) to vitamin D(3) (VD(3)) supplementation; (2) test the hypothesis that a higher 24,25VD(3) to 25VD(3) ratio (24,25:25VD(3)) predicts 25VD(3) response. Serum samples (n=160) from wk 2 and wk 6 of a placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial of VD(3) (28,000IU/wk) were analyzed for serum 24,25VD(3) and 25VD(3) by mass spectrometry. Serum 24,25VD(3) was highly correlated with 25VD(3) in placebo- and VD(3)-treated subjects at each time point (p<0.0001). At wk 2, the 24,25:25VD(3) ratio was lower with VD(3) than with placebo (p=0.035). From wk 2 to wk 6, the 24,25:25VD(3) ratio increased with the VD(3) supplement (p<0.001) but not with placebo, such that at wk 6 this ratio did not significantly differ between groups. After correcting for potential confounders, we found that 24,25:25VD(3) at wk 2 was inversely correlated to the 25VD(3) increment by wk 6 in the supplemented group (r=-0.32, p=0.02) but not the controls. There is a strong correlation between 24,25VD(3) and 25VD(3) that is only modestly affected by VD(3) supplementation. This indicates that the catabolism of 25VD(3) to 24,25VD(3) rises with increasing 25VD(3). Furthermore, the initial ratio of serum 24,25VD(3) to 25VD(3) predicted the increase in 25VD(3). The 24,25:25VD(3) ratio may therefore have clinical utility as a marker for VD(3) catabolism and a predictor of serum 25VD(3) response to VD(3) supplementation.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 24,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D 3 / analysis
  • 24,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D 3 / blood*
  • Adult
  • Biomarkers, Pharmacological / analysis
  • Biomarkers, Pharmacological / blood
  • Cholecalciferol / administration & dosage
  • Cholecalciferol / therapeutic use*
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Placebos
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry
  • Time Factors
  • Vitamin D / analogs & derivatives*
  • Vitamin D / analysis
  • Vitamin D / blood
  • Young Adult


  • Biomarkers, Pharmacological
  • Placebos
  • Vitamin D
  • Cholecalciferol
  • 24,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D 3
  • 25-hydroxyvitamin D