Complications of CT-guided percutaneous needle biopsy of the chest: prevention and management

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Jun;196(6):W678-82. doi: 10.2214/AJR.10.4659.


Objective: The objective of this article is to describe potential complications of percutaneous needle biopsy of the chest, discuss the risk factors associated with the development of complications, and explain how to prevent complications and manage complications when they occur.

Conclusion: Pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage are the most common complications of percutaneous needle biopsy of the chest, whereas air embolism and tumor seeding are extremely rare. Attention to biopsy planning and technique and postprocedural care help to prevent or minimize most potential complications.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biopsy, Needle / adverse effects*
  • Embolism, Air / etiology
  • Hemorrhage / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Neoplasm Seeding
  • Pneumothorax / etiology*
  • Radiography, Interventional*
  • Risk Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*