Lessons in risk- versus resilience-based design and management

Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2011 Jul;7(3):396-9. doi: 10.1002/ieam.228.


The implications of recent catastrophic disasters, including the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident, reach well beyond the immediate, direct environmental and human health risks. In a complex coupled system, disruptions from natural disasters and man-made accidents can quickly propagate through a complex chain of networks to cause unpredictable failures in other economic or social networks and other parts of the world. Recent disasters have revealed the inadequacy of a classical risk management approach. This study calls for a new resilience-based design and management paradigm that draws upon the ecological analogues of diversity and adaptation in response to low-probability and high-consequence disruptions.

MeSH terms

  • Cyclonic Storms
  • Disasters / prevention & control*
  • Equipment Design / methods*
  • Facility Design and Construction / methods*
  • Fossil Fuels
  • Nuclear Power Plants / instrumentation
  • Radioactive Hazard Release / prevention & control
  • Risk Management / methods*


  • Fossil Fuels