Secondary coordination sphere interactions facilitate the insertion step in an iridium(III) CO2 reduction catalyst

J Am Chem Soc. 2011 Jun 22;133(24):9274-7. doi: 10.1021/ja2035514. Epub 2011 Jun 1.

Abstract

There is considerable interest in both catalysts for CO(2) conversion and understanding how CO(2) reacts with transition metal complexes. Here we develop a simple model for predicting the thermodynamic favorability of CO(2) insertion into Ir(III) hydrides. In general this reaction is unfavorable; however, we demonstrate that with a hydrogen bond donor in the secondary coordination sphere it is possible to isolate a formate product from this reaction. Furthermore, our CO(2) inserted product is one of the most active water-soluble catalysts reported to date for CO(2) hydrogenation.