Menopausal hormone therapy: what we know now

Am J Nurs. 2011 Jun;111(6):38-47; quiz 48-9. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000398539.52283.55.


Overview: This article describes the findings and limitations of the major research thus far on hormone therapy, particularly that of the Women's Health Initiative; examines practice recommendations; clarifies common terminology related to menopause and hormone therapy; and provides the implications for nurses. This is part one of a four-part series on postmenopausal health.

Keywords: bioidentical hormones, combined estrogen and progestogen therapy, estrogen, estrogen therapy, hormone therapy, menopause, menopausal transition, postmenopause, progestin, progestogen, women's health, Women's Health Initiative.

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Research
  • Decision Making
  • Estrogen Replacement Therapy* / adverse effects
  • Estrogen Replacement Therapy* / methods
  • Estrogen Replacement Therapy* / nursing
  • Estrogens / administration & dosage
  • Evidence-Based Nursing
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Menopause*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Risk Assessment
  • United States


  • Estrogens