Routine histopathological examination of appendectomy specimens in children: is there any rationale?

Pediatr Surg Int. 2011 Dec;27(12):1313-5. doi: 10.1007/s00383-011-2926-0. Epub 2011 May 26.


Objective: Primary carcinoma of the bowel is a rare malignancy in pediatric age group. The aim of the study was to assess the incidence of appendicular malignancies in children and the possibility of reducing the need for routine histopathological examination of appendix.

Materials and methods: In last 15 years, all the cases of appendectomies in children were analyzed. Retrospective analysis of the data was done to document the clinical presentation, diagnosis, outcome and histopathology reports of the specimen. The case files and operation notes were studied thoroughly in cases where HPR was positive for malignancy.

Results: From July 1995 to June 2010, 595 appendectomies were done in children. Three cases of carcinoid tumor were detected. All were less than 1 cm and were on the tip of the appendix. There was no preoperative or intraoperative suspicion.

Conclusion: Routine histopathological analysis did not help in the management of any of the cases. Therefore, selective utilization of the already burdened histopathology section of the hospital would be more cost effective without affecting the patient outcome.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Appendectomy*
  • Appendicitis / pathology*
  • Appendicitis / surgery
  • Appendix / pathology*
  • Appendix / surgery
  • Cecal Diseases / pathology*
  • Cecal Diseases / surgery
  • Cecal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Cecal Neoplasms / surgery
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Postoperative Period
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors