Metformin: an effective attenuator of risperidone-induced insulin resistance hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia in rats

Indian J Exp Biol. 2011 May;49(5):332-8.


The use of atypical antipsychotics in the clinical management of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders has been associated with the development of insulin resistance. The present study evaluates the possible individual ameliorating effect of single daily oral treatments with 20 mg/kg/day of metformin and 0.1 mg/kg of glibenclamide in two groups of Wistar rats pretreated with 0.2 mg/kg of risperidone for 60 days. Two additional groups of rats were only treated with 0.2 mg/kg of risperidone and 10 mL/kg of distilled water, respectively, also for 60 days. Results showed that oral pre-treatment with metformin significantly attenuated increases in the weight gain pattern, fasting glucose, fasting plasma insulin, serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels that were elevated by risperidone treatment. Metformin also significantly reduced glycosylated hemoglobin concentration, fasting insulin-glucose ratio and fasting insulin resistance index. Conversely, oral pre-treatment with glibenclamide for 60 days did not significantly reduce any of the measured parameters except for glycosylated hemoglobin concentrations. Thus, results of this study showed that 20 mg/kg of metformin effectively ameliorated the development of risperidone-induced insulin resistance and dyslipidemia which was mediated via improvement in insulin resistance. This study provides insight into the therapeutic potential of metformin in preventing risperidone-induced insulin resistance diabetes mellitus and dyslipidaemia.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antipsychotic Agents / adverse effects
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dyslipidemias / blood
  • Dyslipidemias / chemically induced
  • Dyslipidemias / prevention & control*
  • Glyburide / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / blood
  • Hyperglycemia / chemically induced
  • Hyperglycemia / prevention & control*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / pharmacology
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Lipids / blood
  • Male
  • Metformin / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Risperidone / adverse effects*
  • Weight Gain / drug effects


  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Lipids
  • Metformin
  • Risperidone
  • Glyburide