Predictors and outcome of aftercare participation of alcohol and drug users completing residential treatment

Subst Use Misuse. 2011;46(10):1275-87. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2011.572941. Epub 2011 May 26.


This study attempts to identify factors associated with greater aftercare participation for 367 adults who completed abstinence-based residential addiction treatment between 2004 and 2007 at Bellwood Health Services in Toronto, Canada. Pre-treatment substance use, number of days spent in residential treatment, motivation, treatment satisfaction, and demographics were used to determine which characteristics predicted greater aftercare participation. The duration of residential treatment and treatment satisfaction emerged as significant predictors of aftercare attendance. Regular aftercare attendance was associated with lower levels of substance use at 6-month follow-up. Results suggest that a longer duration of residential treatment can influence continuing care engagement and highlight the importance of initial treatment retention for long-term recovery.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aftercare / statistics & numerical data*
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alcoholics / statistics & numerical data*
  • Continuity of Patient Care
  • Drug Users / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Residential Treatment*
  • Substance Abuse Treatment Centers*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome