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Case Reports
. 2011 May;46(5):1005-10.
doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2010.12.007.

Novel Titanium Constructs for Chest Wall Reconstruction in Children

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Case Reports

Novel Titanium Constructs for Chest Wall Reconstruction in Children

Jacob T Stephenson et al. J Pediatr Surg. .

Abstract

Purpose: We have previously reported the use of the vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) for treatment of thoracic dystrophy. This report describes our experience with this device and other novel titanium constructs for chest wall reconstruction.

Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of all children and adolescents undergoing chest wall reconstruction with titanium constructs between December 2005 and May 2010.

Results: Six patients have undergone chest wall reconstruction with VEPTR or other titanium constructs. Four had chest wall resection for primary malignancy, 1 had metastatic chest wall tumor resection, and 1 had congenital chest wall deformity. There were no immediate complications, and all patients have exhibited excellent respiratory function with no scoliosis.

Conclusions: Chest wall reconstruction after tumor resection or for primary chest wall deformities can be effectively accomplished with VEPTR and other customized titanium constructs. Goals should be durable protection of intrathoracic organs and preservation of thoracic volume and function throughout growth. Careful preoperative evaluation and patient-specific planning are important aspects of successful reconstruction.

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