Objective: To determine the relationship between selected cytokines and diabetes in Chinese subjects.
Research design and methods: Adult patients with recent-onset type 1 diabetes (n=53), latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) (n=250), and type 2 diabetes (n=285) from multiple centers were compared with normal subjects (n=196). We centrally tested serum GAD antibodies (GADAs), interleukin-6 (IL-6), lipocalin 2 (LCN2), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and adiponectin.
Results: After adjustment for age, sex, and BMI, all diabetes types had increased IL-6 and LCN2 (P<0.01), and all four cytokines were increased in LADA (P<0.01). In type 1 diabetes, adiponectin but not hs-CRP was increased (P<0.01), whereas in type 2 diabetes, hs-CRP but not adiponectin was increased (P<0.01). Adiponectin was correlated positively with GADA titer and negatively with hs-CRP (P<0.01 for both).
Conclusions: In China, inflammatory markers are increased in all three major types of diabetes, but probably for different reasons, even in autoimmune diabetes.