The aim of the present study was to investigate hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) expressions as predictors of response and survival after chemoradiotherapy in pretreatment biopsy specimens from patients with rectal cancer.
Materials and methods: The immunohistological expressions of HIF-1α and GLUT-1 were investigated in pretreatment biopsies from 86 patients with rectal cancer receiving long course preoperative chemoradiotherapy. The immunohistological stainings were scored semi-quantitatively (percentage of stained cells and staining intensity), and an immunoreactive score was calculated. The response to the chemoradiotherapy was assessed by the Mandard Tumour Regression Grade system (TRG).
Results: No association was found between HIF-1α or GLUT-1 and clinicopathological variables. HIF-1α and GLUT-1 expression had no predictive impact regarding response to chemoradiotherapy measured by TRG and was not associated with overall survival.
Conclusion: The present study did not suggest any predictive or prognostic value of pretreatment HIF-1α or GLUT-1 expression in patients with rectal cancer treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy.