A new method for the determination of short-chain fatty acids from the aliphatic series in wines by headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry

Anal Chim Acta. 2011 Jun 24;696(1-2):59-66. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2011.03.063. Epub 2011 Apr 12.


A new analytical method for the determination of nine short-chain fatty acids (acetic, propionic, isobutyric, butyric, isovaleric, 2-methylbutyric, hexanoic, octanoic and decanoic acids) in wines using the automated HS/SPME-GC-ITMS technique was developed and optimised. Five different SPME fibers were tested and the influence of different factors such as temperature and time of extraction, temperature and time of desorption, pH, strength ionic, tannins, anthocyans, SO(2), sugar and ethanol content were studied and optimised using model solutions. Some analytes showed matrix effect so a study of recoveries was performed. The proposed HS/SPME-GC-ITMS method, that covers the concentration range of the different analytes in wines, showed wide linear ranges, values of repeatability and reproducibility lower than 4.0% of RSD and detection limits between 3 and 257 μgL(-1), lower than the olfactory thresholds. The optimised method is a suitable technique for the quantitative analysis of short-chain fatty acids from the aliphatic series in real samples of white, rose and red wines.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Fatty Acids, Volatile / analysis*
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / economics
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods*
  • Limit of Detection
  • Solid Phase Microextraction / economics
  • Solid Phase Microextraction / methods*
  • Time Factors
  • Wine / analysis*


  • Fatty Acids, Volatile