An empirical approach to estimate soil erosion risk in Spain

Sci Total Environ. 2011 Aug 1;409(17):3114-23. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.05.010. Epub 2011 May 31.


Soil erosion is one of the most important factors in land degradation and influences desertification worldwide. In 2001, the Spanish Ministry of the Environment launched the 'National Inventory of Soil Erosion (INES) 2002-2012' to study the process of soil erosion in Spain. The aim of the current article is to assess the usefulness of this National Inventory as an instrument of control, measurement and monitoring of soil erosion in Spain. The methodology and main features of this National Inventory are described in detail. The results achieved as of the end of May 2010 are presented, together with an explanation of the utility of the Inventory as a tool for planning forest hydrologic restoration, soil protection, erosion control, and protection against desertification. Finally, the authors make a comparative analysis of similar initiatives for assessing soil erosion in other countries at the national and European levels.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Climate
  • Conservation of Natural Resources
  • Geological Phenomena*
  • Risk Assessment / methods
  • Soil / chemistry*
  • Spain
  • Weather


  • Soil