Urban PM2.5 induces ROS generation and RBC damage in COPD patients

Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2011 Jun 1;3:808-17. doi: 10.2741/e288.

Abstract

Particulate matters (PM) produce adverse effects on the respiratory system and cause COPD. These effects are thought to involve intrinsic generation of ROS which are present in ambient PM (transition metals and aromatic organic compounds). Here, we examined the chemical composition and ultra-microscopic structure of PM2.5. The effect of this PM was studied in red blood cell (RBC) membranes (ghosts) from healthy volunteers (n = 11) and COPD patients (n = 43). These effects were compared with that produced by a Fenton metal-catalytic ROS generator. Oxidative biomarkers and cell damage were singificantly increased in presence of PM2.5 or ROS generator in RBC of COPD patients as compared with those in cells from healthy volunteers. In contrast, total SH groups, band 3 phospho-tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) and glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activities were all diminished in cells from COPD patients. In conclusion, PM2.5 increases damage to RBCs from COPD patients, decreases the activity of PTPase and G6PD, and alters the function of the anionic exchanger (AE1) and the antioxidant response by decreasing SH groups.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Air Pollutants / toxicity*
  • Erythrocytes / drug effects*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Particle Size
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / blood
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / metabolism*
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism*
  • Urban Health*

Substances

  • Air Pollutants
  • Reactive Oxygen Species