Development of semiconductor nanomaterial whole cell imaging sensor on glass slides

Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2011 Jun 1;3:1013-24. doi: 10.2741/e307.


We report the development of a highly specific semiconductor quantum dots (QDs)-based whole cell imaging sensor that offer rapid, reproducible, accurate, and long term cell imaging system on silanized microscope glass slides. The QD-based imaging sensor involved capture of whole cells with QD labeled highly specific antibodies against over expressed cell membrane proteins. The QDs were first modified with a polymer coating to generate carboxyl groups on the surface. Using the carboxylated QDs, antibodies were covalent conjugated using carbodiimide chemistry to form 2(0)Ab~QD that were used to capture whole cell. The SK-BR3 cell line was used as a model analyte in the sandwich type assay consisting of 1(0)Ab + SK-BR3 + Ab' + 2(0)Ab~QD. The assay was immobilized on an antibody modified silanized microscope slide that was subsequently mounted on a fluorescence microscope for detection. The results indicated that the QD based imaging sensor exhibited brighter signals compared with organic dye Texas red. The QD-based whole cell imaging sensor was visible under the microscope even after one week without fixation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies / immunology
  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Humans
  • Quantum Dots
  • Semiconductors*
  • Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet


  • Antibodies