Escherichia coli Y family DNA polymerases

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2011 Jun 1;16:3164-82. doi: 10.2741/3904.

Abstract

DNA damage is ubiquitous, arising from both environmental and endogenous sources. All organisms have evolved multiple pathways to respond to DNA damage and maintain genomic integrity. Escherichia coli possesses two DNA polymerases, pol IV and pol V, that are members of the Y family. These polymerases are characterized by their specialized ability to copy damaged DNA as well as their relatively low fidelity on undamaged DNA. Pol IV and pol V are regulated by the SOS response to DNA damage and by their multiple interactions with other proteins. These two Y family DNA polymerases copy DNA damaged by distinct agents. Pol IV is capable of replicating DNA containing N(2)-dG adducts, while pol V bypasses abasic sites and thymine-thymine dimers, which result from exposure to UV radiation. In addition to their roles in copying damaged DNA, the two Y family DNA polymerases in E. coli act in regulation of DNA replication and contribute to bacterial mutagenesis in response to cellular stress.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • DNA Damage
  • DNA Polymerase beta / chemistry*
  • DNA Polymerase beta / genetics
  • DNA Polymerase beta / metabolism*
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / chemistry*
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / genetics
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / chemistry*
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / genetics
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / metabolism*
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Molecular
  • SOS Response, Genetics

Substances

  • DinB protein, E coli
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • DNA Polymerase beta
  • DNA polymerase V, E coli
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase