The DFNB1 subtype of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing impairment

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2011 Jun 1;16:3252-74. doi: 10.2741/3910.

Abstract

Inherited hearing impairment is a frequent and highly heterogeneous condition. Among the different subtypes of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing impairment, DFNB1 is remarkable for its high frequency in most populations. It is caused by mutations in the coding region or splice-sites of the GJB2 gene, or by mutations affecting regulatory sequences that are essential for the expression of this gene. GJB2 encodes connexin-26, a protein component of intercellular gap junctions, which play crucial physiological roles in the cochlea. Because of its high frequency, DFNB1 hearing impairment has received continued attention from researchers along the years, resulting in a wealth of data that is unparalleled among these disorders. Here we review our current knowledge on the genetic, molecular, and phenotypic aspects of this subtype of hearing impairment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Connexin 26
  • Connexins / chemistry
  • Connexins / genetics*
  • Connexins / physiology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genes, Recessive
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / genetics*
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / pathology
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Models, Molecular
  • Mutation

Substances

  • Connexins
  • DFNA3 protein, human
  • Gjb2 protein, mouse
  • Connexin 26

Supplementary concepts

  • Nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss