Glioblastoma multiforme with bone metastase and cauda equina syndrome

J Neurooncol. 1990 Apr;8(2):167-72. doi: 10.1007/BF00177841.


Remote metastases, leptomeningeal dissemination and spreading of the tumor by infiltration are rare complications of glioblastoma multiforme. The existence of different forms of spreading simultaneously is very rare. We present a case of a young patient with glioblastoma multiforme who was operated and subsequently received radiation therapy and cytotoxic treatment. Eight months following the operation, the patient developed cauda equina syndrome. Bone metastases of vertebrae and ribs, and direct infiltration of the recurrent tumor mass into the ethmoidal and frontal sinuses were found. The described patient demonstrates a very rare combination of all forms of spreading metastases in glioblastoma multiforme. The infiltration of the tumor mass into the sinuses and the direct permeation of the meningeal and dural venous system and of the leptomeninges, may explain the mechanism of the development of distant metastases and leptomeningeal dissemination in glioblastoma multiforme.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bone Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Bone Neoplasms / secondary*
  • Brain Neoplasms*
  • Cauda Equina / physiopathology*
  • Glioblastoma / complications
  • Glioblastoma / physiopathology
  • Glioblastoma / secondary*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nerve Compression Syndromes / etiology*
  • Radiography