A Primer on Burn Resuscitation

J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2011 Jan;4(1):109-13. doi: 10.4103/0974-2700.76845.


Since the early 1900s, the scope of burn resuscitation has evolved dramatically. Due to various advances in pre-hospital care and training, under-resuscitation of patients with severe burns is now relatively uncommon. Over-resuscitation, otherwise known as "fluid creep", has emerged as one of the most important problems during the initial phases of burn care over the past decade. To avoid the complications of over-resuscitation, careful hourly titration of fluid rates based on compilation of various clinical end points by a bedside provider is vital. The aim of this review is to provide a practical approach to the resuscitation of severely burned patients.

Keywords: Burn; creep; fluid; formulas; resuscitation; rule of 10; shock; ten.