[Profile of psychoactive substances consumption in workplace]

Therapie. Mar-Apr 2011;66(2):155-65. doi: 10.2515/therapie/2011021. Epub 2011 Jun 6.
[Article in French]

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify profiles of psychoactive substances consumers among workers according to their professional characteristics.

Methods: In 2006, 2213 workers participated in "Mode de Vie et Travail" (Drugs and Work) cross-sectional survey. Data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire concerning general and professional characteristics and the consumption of psychoactive substances (psychoactive drugs, tobacco, alcohol and cannabis) during the professional medical visit. We identified consumer profiles with a hierarchical ascendant classification as statistical method.

Results: We underlined five profiles associated with psychoactive substance consumption: (1) alcohol consumers in the workplace were sales engineers satisfied with their employment, (2) alcohol consumers after their work were not satisfied with their lives, (3) cannabis consumers were men professionally satisfied but suffering from job insecurity, (4) smokers were workers with professional responsibilities under time pressure, and finally (5) poly-consumers had strong professional constraints.

Conclusions: This study guides occupational physicians on psychoactive substances consumption among a worker population.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • France / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Male
  • Marijuana Smoking / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychotropic Drugs*
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workplace / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Psychotropic Drugs