Non-steroidal drug-induced glaucoma

Eye (Lond). 2011 Aug;25(8):971-80. doi: 10.1038/eye.2011.128. Epub 2011 Jun 3.


Numerous systemically used drugs are involved in drug-induced glaucoma. Most reported cases of non-steroidal drug-induced glaucoma are closed-angle glaucoma (CAG). Indeed, many routinely used drugs that have sympathomimetic or parasympatholytic properties can cause pupillary block CAG in individuals with narrow iridocorneal angle. The resulting acute glaucoma occurs much more commonly unilaterally and only rarely bilaterally. CAG secondary to sulfa drugs is a bilateral non-pupillary block type and is due to forward movement of iris-lens diaphragm, which occurs in individuals with narrow or open iridocorneal angle. A few agents, including antineoplastics, may induce open-angle glaucoma. In conclusion, the majority of cases with glaucoma secondary to non-steroidal medications are of the pupillary block closed-angle type and preventable if the at-risk patients are recognized and treated prophylactically.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions*
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / chemically induced*
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / chemically induced*
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / drug effects*
  • Risk Factors