Growth inhibition by TGF-beta linked to suppression of retinoblastoma protein phosphorylation

Cell. 1990 Jul 13;62(1):175-85. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(90)90251-9.


The growth-suppressive function of the retinoblastoma gene product, RB, has been ascribed to the underphosphorylated RB form that prevails during G1 phase in the cell cycle. We show that addition of the paracrine growth inhibitor transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) to Mv1Lu lung epithelial cells in mid to late G1 prevents phosphorylation of RB scheduled for this cell cycle stage and arrests cells in late G1. Expression of SV40 T antigen, a transforming protein that binds underphosphorylated RB, does not block the effect of TGF-beta 1 on RB phosphorylation but greatly reduces the growth-inhibitory response to TGF-beta 1. TGF-beta 1 and RB appear to function in a common growth-inhibitory pathway in which TGF-beta 1 acts to retain RB in the underphosphorylated, growth-suppressive state.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / genetics
  • Cell Division / drug effects*
  • Cell Line
  • DNA Replication / drug effects
  • Interphase / drug effects
  • Lung
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Phosphoproteins / analysis
  • Phosphoproteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Retinoblastoma Protein
  • Simian virus 40 / genetics
  • Simian virus 40 / immunology
  • Transfection
  • Transforming Growth Factors / pharmacology*


  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Retinoblastoma Protein
  • Transforming Growth Factors